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  1. Search form
  2. US 'war on terror' has killed over half a million people: study
  3. Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
  4. Most Read Articles
  5. US 'war on terror' has killed over half a million people: study | USA News | Al Jazeera

Barely any of the 20 candidates onstage addressed war, and when they did, it was for a total of just under five minutes of discussion in four hours: Two candidates—New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio and Hawaii Rep. Tulsi Gabbard—brought it up unprompted after former Vice President Joe Biden was asked about his support for the Iraq War directly by moderators.

Both provide a pacifying effect by allowing the public to believe either that the conflict will be brief and limited or that the battle is a faraway concern, out of sight and therefore out of mind.

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Both terms are important to understanding the role of the U. Strategy From the Korea n War to the Present. As Stoker explains, limited wars, rather than limiting conflict, create the conditions in which the United States is caught in a never-ending cycle of forever wars. That makes their actual outcomes the polar opposite of what limited war is supposed to achieve for U. Stoker shows that, in practice, the illusion of limited war presents short-term gain but long-term pain as the strategic inertia created by locking into an inflexible view of limited goals leads to forever war, where the political objective of the conflict is ill-defined, unlimited, or too fluid to pin down.

The problem, as Stoker explains in the book, is that those aims are not so easily defined or worked for. And with no reassessment or reconsideration of political aims and goals comes no consideration of what the blowback for military action may be in a decade or more. As the differing reactions to Iraq and Afghanistan over the past two decades show, limited war appeals to the public even if the term is meaningless in practice.

The former became massively unpopular once the publicly declared limited war to remove Saddam Hussein was over, victory banner and all. Afghanistan, on the other hand, continues to this day but keeps for the most part out of the headlines and the American psyche. Yet only roughly —an intentional national ignorance over a forever war that is still seen as a limited conflagration due to its invisibility.

When goals are always evolving, not changing or reassessing the military approach seems guaranteed to continue the conflict forever. And that can lead to an erosion of public support.

US 'war on terror' has killed over half a million people: study

Further, Stoker argues, American ideas of war are caught in a definitional bind. Pew, a nonpartisan organisation that studies attitudes and trends, called the study the first of its kind. The results were based on two surveys conducted between late July and mid-September. Of the , had served in Iraq or Afghanistan.

Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

The other survey questioned 2, adults who had not served in the military. Asked for a single word to describe their experiences, the veterans suggested: "rewarding", "nightmare", "eye opening" and "lousy". Obama's presidential campaign centred on a pledge to withdraw from Iraq and strengthen the military campaign in Afghanistan.

He is on track to have US troops out of Iraq by the end of this year, and in July he announced that he would pull 10, troops out of Afghanistan this year and 23, more by next September.

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Recruit- of the twentieth century—sparked controversy in some ment and retention of service personnel, such as the pol- quarters at the time it was initiated. Kiernan usefully suggests that wars force ducting them. What about the documentation and validity of gious, and geographical factors. Fast-paced adaptation invisible wounds, such as posttraumatic stress and oth- in social environments are difficult to penetrate through ers?

How can the government protect privacy—such as political-military means. Is it possible to tax the Rocks analysis, contemporary conflict often demands the American people fairly for the cause of maintaining multi-year operations requiring consistent presence with massive spending on defense while national infrastruc- only very brief periods of high intensity combat.

In a ture falls into disrepair and important social needs, such study conducted at the Army War College, in a ratio of as education and other sectors, deserve increased fund- , the overwhelming majority of operations under- ing? Each essay is written with objective balance while retaining awareness The volume certainly hits multiple nerves, at least of the human costs associated with military service.

Col- among veterans. The analysis and facet of the many problems associated with the employ- critiques of many astute scholars on Indochina—notably ment of counterinsurgency doctrine. In an echo—perhaps this ysis that helps readers gain better perspectives in form- was the echo chamber Kennan identified—the problem ing interpretations, if not conclusions, regarding war in reverberated in , particularly as the United States Afghanistan and Iraq. The Huachuca, Arizona. For instance, how much I had yet to learn. On an even larger scale, after events in these countries first-hand as a journalist.

As Afghanistan one wonders why authors with first-hand and formidable War veteran and Naval Academy-based scholar Aaron B.

US 'war on terror' has killed over half a million people: study | USA News | Al Jazeera

This first principle of counterin- torical point, is the best single volume for both students, surgency gaining governmental legitimacy is a challenge service personnel, and serious readers, on the subject of that is notoriously difficult to establish through external these contentious wars. Gaining a more informed sense support.

George F. Kennan, quoted in Edmund Wilson, [3]. H-War, H-Net Reviews. December,